129 results found


Traumatic spinal cord injury

1. DISEASE/DISORDER:

Definition

Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) refers to a trauma to the spinal cord leading to impaired motor, sensory, and/or autonomic function.

Etiology

Causes of traumatic SCI include the following:

Automobile accidentsViolence such as gunshots or penetrating woundsSports injuriesDiving accidentsFalls

Unique etiologies of pediatric […]

Spinal cord injury without radiological abnormality

1. DISEASE/DISORDER:

Definition
SCIWORA is traumatic injury to the spinal cord without abnormalities on plain radiographic and tomographic imaging of the spine.
Etiology
The etiology of SCIWORA varies with age. In children aged 0 to 8 years, there are fewer fractures and subluxations, and […]

Spinal Cord Injury – Related Pain

1. DISEASE/DISORDER:

Definition
One of the most frequently occurring physical sequelae following spinal cord injury (SCI) is persistent pain. Taxonomies for pain after spinal cord injury are available.1,2 These taxonomies have commonality, defining pain by location with respect to the level of […]

Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord Injury

1. DISEASE/DISORDER:

Definition
Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) in spinal cord injury (SCI) is a potentially life-threatening syndrome characterized by an exaggerated response of the autonomic nervous system to a stimulus originating below the level of injury, resulting in a sudden increase in blood […]

Table of Contents

[…] movement disorders Other extrapyramidal movement disordersFreidreich’s ataxiaHyperkinetic movement disorders (including dystonias, choreas) Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Complications and Consequences of Brain and Spinal Cord Disorders

Syndromes of impaired consciousness Disorders of Consciousness Autonomic and cardiovascular complications Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord InjuryOrthostatic Hypotension […]

Topics Open for Application

[…] in evidence based knowledge) Non-traumatic myelopathies Spondylotic myelopathy Cervical Spondylotic MyelopathyInflammator Transverse MyelitisMultiple Sclerosis and Transverse Myelitis in Children  Neurodegenerative Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)Infectious disorders of the spinal cord Congenital/myelodysplasia Hereditary Spastic ParaplegiaMyelomeningocele (Spina Bifida)Tethered Cord SyndromeSyringomyeliaMetabolic/Nutritional/Toxic/Radiation myelopathiesVascular Myelopathy Spinal […]

Other spinal dysraphisms

[…] behaviors and skills
N/A

4. CUTTING EDGE/EMERGING AND UNIQUE CONCEPTS AND PRACTICE

Not applicable.

5. GAPS IN THE EVIDENCE-BASED KNOWLEDGE

Not applicable.

REFERENCES

Bibliography
Agrawal A, Sampley S. Spinal dysraphism: A challenge continued to be faced by neurosurgeons in developing countries. Asian J Neurosurg 2014;9:68-71.
DeLaRosa M; Kondamudi V; […]

Infectious disorders of the spinal cord

1. DISEASE/DISORDER:

Definition
Infectious disorders that affect the spinal cord can be divided according to their anatomic location, including the following:

Spinal column: pyogenic osteomyelitis, spondylodiscitis and discitis,1 Pott disease,2 and spinal fungal infections.
Epidural space: epidural abscess.3
Meninges: arachnoiditis.
Spinal cord: intramedullary abscess, neurosyphilis, and […]

Tethered Cord Syndrome

[…] symptoms that include pain, incontinence, musculoskeletal deformities, motor weakness, and sensory abnormalities resulting from abnormal stretch placed on the distal spinal cord by congenital or acquired factors.1
Etiology
Primary TCS is associated with abnormal primary or secondary neurulation during spinal cord development. […]

Spinal Instability: Definition, theory and assessment of spinal column function and dysfunction

[…] of segments consisting of two vertebrae and the interconnecting soft tissues. The integration of the biomechanical characteristics of these individual spinal components provides the overall strength and structure of the spine to protect the spinal cord and nerve roots. In […]