142 results found


Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

Disease/ Disorder Definition Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) refers to a trauma to the spinal cord leading to impaired motor, sensory, and/or autonomic function. Etiology Causes of traumatic SCI include the following: Automobile accidents Violence such as gunshots or penetrating […]

Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiological Abnormality

Disease/ Disorder Definition SCIWORA is traumatic Myelopathy to the spinal cord without abnormalities on plain radiographic and tomographic imaging evidence of fractures or ligamentous instability of the spine 1. Etiology The etiology of SCIWORA varies with age. In children aged […]

Spinal Cord Injury – Related Pain

Disease/ Disorder Definition One of the most frequently occurring physical sequelae following spinal cord injury (SCI) is persistent pain. Taxonomies for pain after spinal cord injury are available.1,2 These taxonomies have commonality, defining pain by location with respect to the […]

Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord Injury

Disease/ Disorder Definition Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) in spinal cord injury (SCI) is a potentially life-threatening syndrome which results from a response to stimuli below the neurologic level of injury (NLI) resulting in a sympathetic nervous system response below the NLI, […]

Pediatric Spinal Cord Tumors

Disease/ Disorder Definition Spinal cord tumors are rare central nervous system (CNS) tumors that involve the primary spinal cord, spinal meninges, or cauda equina. Unlike in adults, spinal cord tumors in children are usually primary tumors, not metastases. Etiology Multifactorial […]

Infectious Disorders of the Spinal Cord

Disease/ Disorder Definition Infections in the spine most often occur in the vertebral bodies and discs thus impacting the spinal column.  This is often referred to as spondylodiscitis or discitis. Other sites commonly affected include the epidural space, meninges, and […]

Assessment/Determination of Spinal Column Stability

[…] of segments consisting of two vertebrae and the interconnecting soft tissues. The integration of the biomechanical characteristics of these individual spinal components provides the overall strength and structure of the spine to protect the spinal cord and nerve roots. In […]

Spinal Tumors

Disease/ Disorder Definition A spinal tumor is a malignant or benign growth that develops within or near the spine and/or spinal cord. Tumors can increase in size and compress adjacent tissues. Malignant tumors can additionally invade adjacent tissues and metastasize […]

Overuse Injuries in Disorders of the Central Nervous System

[…] is due to a combination of factors such as genetics, trauma history, age of injury, level of impairment after a spinal cord injury or severe weakness after a brain injury as well as environmental factors such as equipment and layout […]

Osteoporosis and Fractures after CNS Injury

[…] the imbalance of bone formation and resorption. Many individuals with central nervous system (CNS) injury, including individuals with brain injury, spinal cord injury (SCI), stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease (PD), cerebral palsy (CP), and brain tumors, are at risk […]