136 results found

Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

Disease/ Disorder


Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) refers to a trauma to the spinal cord leading to impaired motor, sensory, and/or autonomic function.


Causes of traumatic SCI include the following:

Automobile accidentsViolence such as gunshots or penetrating woundsSports injuriesDiving accidentsFalls

Motor vehicle accidents are […]

Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiological Abnormality

Disease/ Disorder


SCIWORA is traumatic Myelopathy to the spinal cord without abnormalities on plain radiographic and tomographic imaging evidence of fractures or ligamentous instability of the spine 1.


The etiology of SCIWORA varies with age. In children aged 0 to 8 years, […]

Spinal Cord Injury – Related Pain


One of the most frequently occurring physical sequelae following spinal cord injury (SCI) is persistent pain. Taxonomies for pain after spinal cord injury are available.1,2 These taxonomies have commonality, defining pain by location with respect to the level of […]

Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord Injury

Disease/ Disorder


Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) in spinal cord injury (SCI) is a potentially life-threatening syndrome which results from a response to stimuli below the neurologic level of injury (NLI) resulting in a sympathetic nervous system response below the NLI, with compensatory […]

Topics Open for Application

[…] Spondylotic myelopathy Cervical Spondylotic MyelopathyInflammator Transverse Myelitis Apply HereMultiple Sclerosis and Transverse Myelitis in Children  Neurodegenerative Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)Infectious disorders of the spinal cord Apply HereCongenital/myelodysplasia Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia […]

Infectious disorders of the spinal cord


Infectious disorders that affect the spinal cord can be divided according to their anatomic location, including the following:

Spinal column: pyogenic osteomyelitis, spondylodiscitis and discitis,1 Pott disease,2 and spinal fungal infections.
Epidural space: epidural abscess.3
Meninges: arachnoiditis.
Spinal cord: intramedullary abscess, neurosyphilis, and […]

Table of Contents

[…] movement disorders Other extrapyramidal movement disordersFreidreich’s ataxiaHyperkinetic movement disorders (including dystonias, choreas) Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Complications and Consequences of Brain and Spinal Cord Disorders

Syndromes of impaired consciousness Disorders of Consciousness Autonomic and cardiovascular complications Autonomic Dysreflexia in Spinal Cord InjuryOrthostatic Hypotension […]

Spinal Tumors

Disease/ Disorder


A spinal tumor is a malignant or benign growth that develops within or near the spine and/or spinal cord. Tumors can increase in size and compress adjacent tissues. Malignant tumors can additionally invade adjacent tissues and metastasize to other […]

Overuse injuries in disorders of the central nervous system

[…] risk factors and primary prevention
Most of the information on the epidemiology of overuse injuries comes from literature on persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Some of the most common injuries include, by region:

Shoulder injuries: prevalence of pain symptoms range from […]

Pressure Injury Management in CNS Disorders

[…] (steroids, immune-suppressants), smoking, upper or lower motor neuron disease, contractures, and non-adherence to treatments.4
Two groups at high risk include the spinal cord injured and the elderly. For community-dwelling elderly, the incidence increases significantly with advancing patient age.5 The absence of […]